Introduction To IELTS Writing
This module consists of 2 tasks. Task 1 requires at least 150 words and Task 2 requires no more than 250 words. Writing task differs for academic and general training, where for academic task 1 is a graph or table etc. and for general training task 1 is a letter whereas task 2 is similar for both academic and general training. The responses to Task 1 and 2 should be given in an academic, semi-formal or neutral in style.
ACADEMIC WRITING (TASK 1)-
For academic task 1 will be a graph, table, chart or diagram and you are asked to describe, summarize or explain the information in your own words. You may be expected to describe and explain data, describe the stages of a process or the way something works or describe an object or event. Candidate is allowed 20 minutes to complete this task.
GENERAL TRAINING (TASK 1)-
For academic task 1 will be a letter you will be expected to write in the required word limit based on the given topic. Letter can be can be formal, informal or semiformal. Candidate is allowed 20 minutes to complete this task.
TASK 2 (ACADEMIC + GENERAL TRAINING)-
In task 2, a point of view, argument or problem is given and you are expected to write an essay on the same.
The issues raised are of general interest to, suitable for and easily understood by test takers entering undergraduate or postgraduate studies or seeking professional registration. Candidate is allowed 40 minutes to complete this task.
TYPES OF TASK 2-
- Opinion (Agree or Disagree)
- Advantagesand Disadvantages.
- Problem and Solution.
- Discussion(Discuss both view)
- Two-part Question.
60 minutes (Task 1- 20 minutes, Task 2- 40 minutes)
The assessment of each task is done on the basis of your performance by certificated IELTS examiners according to the IELTS Writing test assessment criteria (Task Achievement/Response, Coherence and Cohesion, Lexical Resource, Grammatical Range and Accuracy).
Task 1 is marked out of 3 bands whereas it is 6 bands for Task 2.
IELTS WRITING SUCCESS FORMULA
ACADEMIC (GRAPH), TASK 1-
Usually a graph is given and it needs to be explained in about 150 words within 20 minutes. The key to scoring well is to understand the diagram and use certain phrases to compare the data, summarize the information or describe a process.
GENERAL (LETTER), TASK 1-
The body of the letter must constitute of 150 words and the tone of the letter must be formal. This should also depend upon the relationship shared with the person the letter is addressed to. Any personal details must be avoided. The major points to be addressed in the letter are always given with the question and they must be included in the letter. Always begin and sign off appropriately.
ACADEMIC+ GENERAL (ESSAY WRITING), TASK 2-
It is the same for both General and Academic IELTS.
The task includes writing a formal essay in no more than 250 words. The time duration is 40 minutes. Usually an essay is based on an opinion, discussion, advantages/disadvantages etc. The essay usually has a format, which includes the separation into paragraphs, which must be followed.
Few general tips and techniques for both the tasks are mentioned below.
- Task Achievement– This means you should answer all parts of the questions, your answer should be relevant and you should provide supporting ideas to the same.
- Coherence and cohesion– Your writing should be structured so it is easy to read and understand. This means you need to organize your ideas into paragraphs. You also need to link your ideas with words like however, therefore and despite.
- Lexical resource– To get a good score, you need to use a wide range of vocabulary. Not everything has to be 100% correct, but any errors you do make should be few in number and should not affect understanding.
Grammatical range and accuracy– As with vocab, you should use a variety of grammatical structures, and any grammatical errors should be few in number and should not affect understanding.